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Examination Language


Certain words and phrases are used in the Examination – You must understand what they mean and be able to apply this knowledge when answering Examination questions.


Command Words


Annotate          Add brief notes/reasons, to explain ideas, to an illustration – Remember

that you must be critical/analytical in order to access the top range of


Calculate          Implies that a numerical answer is needed.

Complete         Enter an answer in the space provided.

Describe           State in words the important points of the topic.

Dimension       Add measurements to a drawing

Draw                Use a straight edge, pencil, fine-liner (Set square etc) to help

produce a Drawing e.g. Orthographic.

Explain            Write an explanation of a topic / point that includes

justification of the answer i.e. Why / How / Because etc.

Discuss            Develop/debate an argument to justify your answer/point of view etc.

Evaluate           Assess/appraise once work against a criteria etc.

Free Hand        Using a pencil, fine liner and your hand to produce an illustration

or sketch without the use of rulers and drawing instruments etc.

Give a reason  How / Why – a reason which applies knowledge of this subject

e.g. Expanded Polystyrene is used for packaging because …..

Sketch              Informal ‘freehand’ drawings to illustrate an idea / design or

point, without the use of rulers and drawing instruments.

Label                Identify parts of a product / drawing etc. e.g. leader lines, key etc



Technical Terms


Drawing Types


Isometric Projection

- 3 Dimensional Drawing / sketching / pictorial drawing.


Single Point Perspective

- Pictorial Drawing / sketching that uses one Vanishing point.


Two Point Perspective

Pictorial Drawing / sketching that uses two Vanishing points.


Third Angle Orthographic Projection / Drawing

2 Dimensional drawing used to produce a Working Drawing –

The most accurate type of drawing used in Technology.

It is used to communicate ideas internationally.

A Working Drawing is used by manufacturers / craftsmen

etc. to work from in order to produce a Product e.g.

A Package, Piece of Furniture etc.


NB: There is no Oblique Projection in this Specification so do not use it.







Examination Tips


Prep Sheet

•             You will be issued with a prep sheet on or after the 1st March.

•             You must research into the Design Theme, e.g 2011 Design Theme:

Helping primary school children learn how to tell the time.

 Look for key words.

•             You will need to collect appropriate examples relating to the theme and use

your AQA text book to revise up until your exam in June.


Exam Paper

•             Look through the paper before you start work. This will allow you to:

a)       see where to place your answers on the paper

b)       get an idea about the theme of the paper and what you are expected to do

•             Answer all of the questions and complete all of the tasks in the order given on


QUESTIONS OUT. (Complete section A first before section B)

•             Attempt every question – marks can be gained by making an attempt but

blank questions do not score.

•             Only do what you are asked to do – if asked for 3 answers then only 3 are

needed to score all of the marks, 2 answers will not score maximum marks

and 4 will gain no extra credit but will cost you time.


Examination Time Guide

Your Examination will last for 2 hours. You must use this time to score as many

marks as you can: Each question indicates how long to spend on it.

•             The time guide works out to be about one mark per minute of work.

•             If 10 minutes is allowed for a task and you only use 5 minutes, then it is

unlikely that you will have gained full marks. If you use more time than is

recommended then this may not allow you enough time to finish the paper.

•             You must use all of this time to:

1) complete all of the question

2) to show knowledge and skills e.g. Shading, tonal control, line enhancement,

material effects etc.

3) Use guide lines for uniformity of lettering when designing.

4) To construct drawings e.g. Isometric Crates.

5) To think about the question before you answer.

6) To plan your responses e.g. Written answers.

7) To plan extended writing – Write it out on the back of the sheet first if you

want to but remember to cross it out.

8) Quality of written communication (QWC) will be tested in one question in

section B.

9) Check your answers when you have finished.


•             Cross out any unwanted answers or they will be marked.

Do not give more than one answer if this is not asked for – the first

answer will always be marked even if it is wrong.

•             Use technical language – Generic terms such as plastic, light, strong,

heavy, glue, boring etc. will not score. You need to use subject

words such as, Pritt Stick, rotary cutter, laser cutter, Styrofoam,

carton board, grey board etc.

•             Use either a pencil or a fine liner to answer questions – DO NOT

draw in pencil then go over it using a fine liner. This wastes time

and is only necessary on a presentation question.

•             To use command words when used in the question, to carry out the

required task e.g. sketch.

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